Schilling: coin from Republic of Austria; 100 groschen


1 schilling, 1974: Republic of Austria

1 schilling, 1974: Republic of Austria

REPUBLIK ÖSTERREICH: Republic of Austria.

1 SCHILLING, 1974.

EIN SCHILLING: one schilling.

Edelweiss flowers (German "Edelweiß", Latin "Leontopodium").

Alpine flower edelweiss is considered as a national symbol of Austria, worn as a cap emblem by Austrian troops and displayed on Austrian coins.

Coin design: Edwin Grienauer (Austrian sculptor and medalist. Becides, as an excellent amateur in rowing he won the Austrian championships in double sculls in 1927; his Olympic success came from his art, however: in 1928 he won a gold medal in the arts competition at the Olympic Games for his medal designs).

Vienna Mint (Austria).

It is interesting that this coin in the same design was minted annually during 1959-2001. Total mintage: over 1.7 billion coins!!!

  • Aluminium-bronze: 22 mm - 4.1 g
  • Reference price: 0.2$

COIN SCHILLING — WHERE & WHEN (coins catalog: by names & emitents)
  1. REPUBLIC OF AUSTRIA (1924-2001): schilling = 100 groschen
  2. GERMAN STATES, 14th-19th centuries (probably most of the German states: if we talk about different types of schilling): schilling = 12 pfennig [not always]
  3. SWISS CANTONS, 15th-19th centuries (Lucerne, Fribourg, Glarus, Basel, Zürich, Uri, Zug...): schilling (different ratios)
  4. LIVONIA (15th-17th centuries): schilling = 1/9 ferding
  5. ESTONIA, Swedish and Danish (16th century): schilling
  • There is information about some issues of the schilling coin also in the lands of modern Poland, Denmark, Sweden, Norway...

SCHILLING as coin name.
Schilling is considered one of the most common historical coins in the world. You can find a lot of information about it on Wikipedia. I will mention only a few of the most important facts about this coin:
  1. Schilling is not a shilling.It would seem that this is so obvious... However, they often put an equal sign between them: for example, in Ukraine, the names of both coins are written exactly the same — "шилінг". In fact, the difference between these coin names is as follows: historically, the schilling is the coin of the German-speaking states and territories, and the shilling is the coin of the English-speaking countries.
  2. It is difficult to say when the first schilling coin was issued, but in numismatic catalogs you can find coins of this name from the 14th century. The latest issue is 2001 (Austria, before the introduction of the euro).
  3. From a formal point of view, several related coin names are separately distinguished: Livonian schilling, Teutonic schilling, courant schilling...
For most, the British shilling is a much more familiar currency than the German or Austrian schilling. However, the truth is that the shilling as a coin appeared much later than the schilling.
The name schilling appeared in German lands long before the appearance of the first coin with such a denomination.
At first, the Germanic tribes called the Roman gold solidus in this way. Later, as a result of Charlemagne's monetary reform, a unit of account was introduced — the schilling (without coins), which was equal to 12 silver denier. The first coin of this denomination appeared in German lands approximately in the 14th century and was already divided into 12 pfennig.