Den'ga: coin of Russian Empire (1796-1828); type of denga


Den'ga, 1827: Russian Empire

Den'ga, 1827: Russian Empire

Ruler: Nicholas I — Emperor of Russia, King of Congress Poland and Grand Duke of Finland.

This coin was minted during the reign of two emperors — Alexander I and Nicholas I.

ДЕНЬГА: den'ga (previously, until the 18th century, a coin of the same value was called denga — ДЕНГА).

Е.М.: Ekaterinburg Mint (Russian "Екатеринбургский монетный двор").

Imperial crown and six-pointed star.

И.К. under the eagle: mintmaster's mark of Ivan Kolobov (Russian "Иван Колобов").

Coat of arms of the Russian Empire (two-headed eagle with raised wings with two small and one large crowns; the eagle holds a sceptre and an orb and bears shield on its breast depicting a horseman mounted upon a horse are slaying a dragon with a spear).

The double-headed eagle is a fantastic bird, an emblem figure in heraldry. Originates from the ancient Near East. The oldest finds of the image of an eagle date back to the 3rd-2nd millennium BC. The use of the symbol later revived in the High Middle Ages, most commonly by the Seljuks, Artuqids, Zengids, Oghuzs, and Mongols. Since the 13th century, the double-headed eagle has become more and more common in Europe, in particular, it was used in the Byzantine Empire, the Holy Roman Empire and the Moscow Principality. Today, the double-headed eagle is the coat of arms of Albania, Serbia, Montenegro and Russia.

Mintage: 2.165.000.

  • Copper: 19 mm - 3.7 g
  • Reference price: 14$

COIN DEN'GA — WHERE & WHEN (coins catalog: by names & emitents)
  1. RUSSIAN EMPIRE (1796-1828): den'ga = 2 polushka = 1/2 kopeck

DEN'GA as coin name.
Den'ga (Russian "деньга"; not "денга") — copper coin of the Russian Empire, equal to ½ kopeck. It was minted during 1796-1828: from empress Catherine II to emperor Nicholas I. Several varieties are known.
The first coin with the denomination DEN'GA [деньга] was dated 1796 (the last year of the life of Empress Catherine II). Contains the crowned monogram of the monarch — "E II" (without the rider, which was depicted on the DENGA [денга] denomination coin also of 1796). Belongs to rare coins. It was issued only one year. After that, it was almost immediately withdrawn from circulation by order of Emperor Paul I. The original copies are hardly found.
In 1797-1801, coins of the same type of Paul I were minted (respectively, they contained the crowned monogram "P I"). In general, they do not belong to rare coins.
Den'ga coins of 1802-1810 was decorated with a double-headed eagle (the coat of arms of the Russian Empire instead of the monogram of Alexander I). A rather rare coin.
Finding den'ga of the 1810-1828 type for your collection is the easiest. Relatively common.
During the next decade, this coin or its equivalent was not issued, after which "½ kopeck serebrom" ("½ копѣйки серебромъ") appeared. And this coin has already been replaced by denezhka...
The coin name den'ga is a variant of the name denga.
Since ancient times, the Russian coin with a value of ½ kopeck was called denga. This is the spelling of the denomination that was originally used. However, over time, the name evolved, and in the period from 1796 to 1828, this type of coin was called den'ga (денЬга: with a soft sign in the name — "ь").