Cruzado: coin from Federative Republic of Brazil


1 cruzado, 1988: Federative Republic of Brazil

1 cruzado, 1988: Federative Republic of Brazil

BRASIL: Brazil.


Coat of arms of Brazil: central emblem (star) surrounded by coffee and tobacco branches. In the round shield in the center — the Southern Cross. The ring of 27 stars around it represents Brazil's 26 states and the Federal District. The ribbon contains the official name of Brazil (República Federativa do Brasil — Federative Republic of Brazil) and the date of the proclamation of the Republic (15 November 1889).

Mint: Casa da Moeda do Brasil (Rio de Janeiro, Brazil).

Mintage: 321.216.000.

  • Stainless steel: 23 mm - 4.27 g
  • Reference price: 0.7$

COIN CRUZADO — WHERE & WHEN (coins catalog: by names & emitents)
  1. FEDERATIVE REPUBLIC OF BRAZIL (1986-1988): cruzado = 100 centavo
  2. KINGDOM OF PORTUGAL (15th-19th centuries): cruzado = 400 réis

CRUZADO as coin name.
Cruzado — old Portuguese silver and gold coin with the image of a cross ("Cruz" in Portuguese). The cross symbolized Portugal's participation in the Crusades.
From the 15th century, the coin was minted from gold, later — from silver. It was in circulation until the 19th century. Cruzado was equated to 400 réis, but this figure varied over time.
In addition, during 1986-1988, the cruzado was the official currency of Brazil (and in 1989 — the new cruzado: Portuguese "Cruzado Novo"). Divided by 100 centavos.
During this period, circulation coins of 1, 5 and 10 cruzado were issued, as well as jubilee coins: three varieties of 100 cruzados commemorating the centenary of the abolition of slavery in Brazil in 1888 (featuring a man, a woman and a child).