Coróin: coin from Republic of Ireland (1928-1967)


1/2 coróin, 1964: Republic of Ireland

1/2 coróin, 1964: Republic of Ireland

The legend on the coin is made in Gaelic type.

LEAṪ ĊORÓIN (inscription in Gaelic type): Half Crown (Irish "Leath Choróin").

Prior the mid-20th century Gaelic type was the main typeface used to write Irish, now it is usually replaced by Roman type. The dot above a letter in Gaelic type is usually replaced by a following ⟨h⟩ in Roman type (e.g.: ċ → ch).

2s 6d: 2 scilling 6 pingin (2 shillings 6 pence). — The denomination on the coin is indicated both in Irish crowns and in smaller units (Irish shillings + pence).

Why 2s 6d, but not logic 2s 6p? That is, why are pence abbreviated with the letter "d" and not "p"? — The minting of pence coins over 1000 years ago began on the model of Roman denarius. This explains the presence of the symbol "d" (from the Latin "denarius") on old pence, while after the 1971 reform in Great Britain (and Ireland too) and the introduction of the decimal monetary system to denote pence began to use a more logical symbol — "p".

PM: under the hind legs of the horse by the micro font are indicated the initials of the author of the coin design (engraver) — Percy Metcalfe (English artist, sculptor and designer).

The Irish Sport Horse (Irish Hunter) — Irish breed of sporting horse, used mostly for dressage, eventing and show-jumping; it was bred from 1923 by cross-breeding of Irish Draught and Thoroughbred stock.

ÉIRE: Ireland.

Celtic harp also known as Trinity College harp / "Brian Boru's harp" (late-medieval Gaelic harp — "cláirseach") as coat of arms of Ireland.

Royal Mint (London, United Kingdom).

Mintage: 3.200.000.

  • Copper-nickel: 32 mm - 14 g
  • Reference price: 4$

COIN CORÓIN — WHERE & WHEN (coins catalog: by names & emitents)
  1. IRELAND (1928-1967) — Irish Free State + Republic of Ireland: coróin = 5 scilling = 1/4 punt

CORÓIN as coin name can be considered a type of crown coin, the name of which is written in the Irish language (in fact, the denomination on the coin is indicated as ċoróin, where the symbol "ċ" is written as "ch" in Latin script; that is, from a formal point of view, it is correct to indicate the denomination not as coróin, but as choróin).
Modern Ireland, as an independent state, appeared on the political map of the world in 1922 under the name The Irish Free State (Irish "Saorstát Éireann").
At first, the Irish used the pound of the neighboring United Kingdom as money, but already in 1928, the national Irish currency appeared — the Free State pound (Irish "Saorstát punt").
The same monetary system was used as in the pound sterling, but only with the use of Irish denominations: pound — punt, crown — coróin, florinflóirin, shillingscilling, pennypingin, farthingfeoirling.