Zloty: coin from Republic of Poland; 100 groszy


5 zlotych, 1935: Republic of Poland (Jozef Pilsudski)

5 zlotych, 1935: Republic of Poland (Józef Piłsudski)

5 ZŁOTYCH 1935.


Coat of arms of the Republic of Poland (1927-1939) — white crowned eagle with a golden beak and talons.

Portrait of Józef Piłsudski — a Polish statesman who served as the Chief of State (1918-1922) and First Marshal of Poland (from 1920). Father and leader of the Second Polish Republic as the Minister of Military Affairs.

The Mint of Poland (Polish "Mennica Polska"; "Mennicy Państwowej w Warszawie" during 1924-1994): Warsaw (Poland); micro symbols — Kościesza coat of arms and the name of the designer.

Interesting: in 1887 Pilsudski was accused of plotting to assassinate the Russian Emperor Alexander III and sentenced to 5 years in exile in Siberia (at that time Poland was part of the Russian Empire).

Mintage: 1.800.000.

  • Silver (0.750): 28 mm - 10.98 g
  • Reference price: 11$

COIN ZLOTY — WHERE & WHEN (coins catalog: by names & emitents)
  1. POLAND (from the 19th century to the present): zloty = 100 groszy
In fact, the history of the Polish zloty coin is quite interesting and confusing. Despite the fact that the denomination "zloty" was first actually reflected only on coins of the early 19th century, the history of the coin dates back to the 16th century. However, the first zloty in the form of coins (like a coin, not a measure of money as before: the equivalent of 30 silver groszy) contained a denomination in "XXX" format — the Roman numeral "30". In the 17th century, this prototype of the zloty became extremely widespread and was popularly called tymf (I consider it appropriate to consider it as a separate denomination of coins). It is also interesting to note that in the first half of the 19th century, the Russian Empire issued coins with double denominations for occupied Poland: kopeck-ruble | grosz-zloty.
Translated from Polish, the name of the coin "Złoty" means "golden". This is how foreign gold coins (primarily Hungarian and Venetian ducats) were called in ancient times, which became widespread in Polish territories.