Penni: coin from Grand Duchy of Finland (Finnish Civil War)


1 penni, 1917: Grand Duchy of Finland (Finnish Civil War)

1 penni, 1917: Grand Duchy of Finland (Finnish Civil War)

During 1809-1917, Finland was a part of the Russian Empire with the rights of autonomy. In 1917, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Finland declared independence. However, this caused opposition from revolutionary Russia. The Civil War began in Finland. The demonstrated coin refers to this transitional historical period, which was reflected in the changed coat of arms (compared to Finnish coins of previous years).

1 PENNI. 1917.

Russian double-headed imperial eagle holding scepter and orb (globus cruciger) without imperial crowns with Finnish heraldic shield (crowned lion, the right foreleg replaced with an armoured human arm brandishing a sword, trampling on a sabre with the hindpaws) on breast.

Mint of Finland (Finnish "Suomen Rahapaja", Helsinki).

Mintage: 1.650.000.

  • Copper: 15 mm - 1.3 g
  • Reference price: 5$

COIN PENNI — WHERE & WHEN (coins catalog: by names & emitents)
  1. FINLAND (1864-2001) — Grand Duchy of Finland (autonomous part of the Russian Empire) + Finnish Civil War + Republic of Finland: penni = 1/100 markka

About the name of the coin penni (plural — penniä): the purely Finnish coin penni (specifically in this spelling) first appeared in the second half of the 19th century — much later than the English penny. With high probability, we can assume that the name of this coin was borrowed from the British (pence has become widely distributed around the world).