Yarmaq: coin of Golden Horde (13th-14th centuries); 48 pul


Yarmaq, 1308: Golden Horde (Tokhta, Qrim)

Yarmaq, 1308: Golden Horde (Tokhta, Qrim)

Ruler: Tokhta (Toqta) — khan of the Golden Horde (Ulus of Jochi), great grandson of Batu Khan.

Date on coin: AH 707 (AH: Latin "Anno Hegirae" — "the year of the Hijra"; Islamic calendar) = 1308 (Gregorian calendar).

Khan Tokhta's personal tamga (family or personal sign of the nomadic peoples of the Eurasian steppe; used to denote family or private property).

Legend by Arabic inscription: "Khan Tokhta, coinage of Qrim" (or Solkhat: nowadays — Staryi Krym, Ukraine).

Symbolic knot.

  • Silver: 18 mm - 1.3 g
  • Reference price: 27$

COIN YARMAQ — WHERE & WHEN (coins catalog: by names & emitents)
  1. GOLDEN HORDE (13th-14th centuries): yarmaq = 48 pul (more precisely — pūl)

About the name of the coin yarmaq: the name according to researchers, translates as "exchangeable", "cut". The term is associated with the Khazar Khaganate, where the term "yarmaq" was used to describe half of the silver Arab dirhams (they were cut to obtain smaller fractions of the coin). In the case of the Golden Horde's yarmaq, we are talking about its equality with half a mithqal of silver (mithqal is a unit of weight).
In the context of yarmaq, the term "barikat" is also mentioned (from the Mongolian word "bariku" — tax payments, receipts to the treasury). Sometimes it is used as a synonym for the term yarmaq, but it is often believed that until the end of the 13th century the coin was called barikat, after — yarmaq.